Explore the seedbed civilizations of Mesoamerica, the Middle East and the Indus Valley.
Archaeologist Jeff Rose examines the history of a petroglyph in Oman.
Rise of International Trade
The merchant’s seal was a guarantee of quality goods.
The Merchant's Seal
Explore the splendor of the Indus Valley civilization.
Indus Valley Civilization
Examine the civilizing effect of trade.
Episode 4 Preview | Trade
Explore the rise of inequality and threat of dictatorship.
Rise of Inequality
Humans are social creatures. Evolutionary Psychologist Michael Muthukrishna explains.
Humans Are Social
Investigate why cities were so integral to the rise of civilization.
Episode 3 Preview | Cities
Explore how rituals bring people together.
Nabta Playa became a religious monument where people could gather and worship.
In Ancient Egypt, at the site of Nekhen, kings were recognized as living gods.
Kings Become Gods
Learn why every successful civilization needs a narrative — a shared set of beliefs.
Episode 2 Preview | Religion
Oaxaca Valley became an area of conflict as raiding occurred between villages.
Raiding Oaxaca Valley
Explore the power of obsidian weapons and their use in Teotihuacan.
Power of Obsidian
Archaeologist Yuki Huada explores the history of San Jose Mogote.